Income Tax e-filing 2020

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Income Tax in India is the taxes that are levied on the income of the individuals. These individuals are known as ‘taxpayers’. They pay a fixed percentage of their total earning of the given financial year directly to the government of the country. This ‘fixed percentage’ is pre-defined by the Income Tax Department (ITD). The tax-payers need to pay income tax on every income they had, which means any amount either earned or won is subjected to tax. So, this means even lottery winners need to pay income tax.

Types of Income Tax in India

There are various sources an individual can earn an income. For example, their salary, profit from selling off any asses or interest on bank savings etc. But what are the sources of income the Income Tax Department levies taxes on? So, here is the list of types of income one can have on which taxes are imposed on:

Income Heads Nature of Income covered
From Salary Salaried income individuals earn
Other Sources Income from interest earned on saving and fixed accounts, winning lotteries and prize money.
Income From House Property If the house is given on rent, you need to pay tax on rental income
Businesses And Other Professions Businesses and freelancers need to pay taxes on their profits earned
From Capital Gains Income on profits from the sale of capital assets

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Income Tax Slabs

Individuals are taxes based on their income. This means the higher they earn, the higher they need to pay the income tax. The Income Tax Department categorizes these levels of income tax, known as ‘Tax Slabs’ in India. These tax slabs distinguish the level of income and the tax rates accordingly. The following table will help you get further insight into these tax slabs:

Income Level Tax Rate
Less than or up to Rs. 2.5 lakhs Exempted
More than Rs. 2.5 lakhs but less than Rs. 5 lakhs 5% on exceeding amount to Rs. 2.5 lakhs
More than Rs. 5 lakhs but less than Rs. 10 lakhs Rs. 12,500+20% on amount exceeding Rs. 5 lakhs
More than Rs. 10 lakhs Rs. 1,12,500+30% on amount exceeding Rs. 10 lakhs

Exceptions to the Tax Slab

However, the Income Tax Department does not subject income tax only based on income. There are certain exceptions. One of those exceptions is Capital Gain Taxes. Capital gain is based on the time an individual owns a specific asset. This time determines whether the asset is long term or short term. Then, the tax rates differ with different periods.

Type of Capital Asset Holding Period Tax Rate
House Property The time period for more than 2 years- long term

The time period for less than 2 years- short term

20% depends on the slab rate
Equity Mutual Funds The time period for more than 1 year- long term

The time period for less than 1 year- short term

Exempt(until March 31st 2018) Capital gains more than Rs. 1 lakh subjected to tax @10%, 15%
Debts Mutual Funds The time period for more than 3 years- long term

The time period for less than 3 years- short term

20% depends on the slab rate
Shares (STT paid) The time period for more than 1 year- long term

The time period for less than 1 year- short term

Exempt(until March 31st 2018) Capital gains more than Rs. 1 lakh subjected to tax @10%, 15%
Shares (STT unpaid) The time period for more than 1 year- long term

The time period for less than 1 year- short term

20% depends on the slab rate
Fixed Maturity Plans The time period for more than 3 years- long term

The time period for less than 3 years- short term

20% depends on the slab rate

Income Tax FAQs

Do I need to attach any document while filing the return of income?

No, you need not attach any kind of documents are ITR forms do not require them. But you need to present them if asked to do so.

Is pension is subjected to income tax India?

Yes, you need to pay income tax on pension just like any other income. However, a pension from the United Nations is exempted.

Where can I find expert-help for my tax-related issues?

You can take help from the Public Relation Officer of the Income-Tax Department in your city. You can also take help from any tax professional, Like We.

Are gifts from relatives and friends subjected to tax?

They do not subject gifts from relatives to taxes. However, under tax rules, friends are not a relative, therefore, gifts from them are liable under taxes.

How will be the excess tax I paid to be refunded to me?

The excess tax will only be refunded if you file an income tax return. Then, it is directly credited to your account.